THE Washington– Moscow hot-line was connected to prevent war by accident in 1963.
The system allows direct communication between the leaders of the United States and the Russian Federation.
This hotline links the Pentagon with the Kremlin
Although in popular culture known as the “red telephone”, the hotline was never a telephone line, and no red phones were used.
The first implementation used Teletype equipment, and shifted to fax machines in 1986.
Since 2008, the Moscow–Washington hotline is a secure computer link over which messages are exchanged by email.