1916: Reinhard Scheer is appointed commander of Germany’s Hochseeflotte.
Scheer joined the navy in 1879 as an officer cadet; he progressed through the ranks, commanding cruisers and battleships, as well as major staff positions on land.
At the outbreak of World War I, Scheer was the commander of the II Battle Squadron of the High Seas Fleet.
He then took command of the III Battle Squadron, which consisted of the newest and most powerful battleships in the navy. In January 1916, he was promoted to Admiral and given control of the High Seas Fleet.
Scheer led the German fleet at the Battle of Jutland on 31 May–1 June 1916, one of the largest naval battles in history.